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Step 6: Consider other possible cancer-fighting strategies.

Research on other strategies—including the use of certain natural or synthetic substances (agents)—to fight cancer is ongoing. You may want to consider some of these strategies. Some of the agents under investigation include:

Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs). Commonly called designer estrogens, these drugs — such as tamoxifen (Nolvadex) and raloxifene (Evista)—may help decrease the risk of breast cancer in some high-risk women.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). These drugs, which include aspirin and ibuprofen, are being studied alone and in combination with other drugs for their potential to help protect against colon cancer.

Calcium. Calcium compounds also may reduce your risk of colon cancer. Taken in excessive amounts, however, calcium may increase the risk of prostate cancer—so moderation is advised.

Retinoids. These chemicals, which are similar to vitamin A, may help protect against cancers of the cervix, lungs, mouth and bladder. Other cancer prevention strategies include being aware of risk factors in your home such as radon gas; or where you work such as radiation or certain industrial chemicals. Take steps to reduce exposure to these substances.